Hygiene and Ecology
2021-05-27—2021-06-03
Before enroll to course you must
Log In or Sign Up

Author(s)

PhD, associate professor Viktoriia Kurhanska

Introduction

The population health care issues have always been extremely relevant. In that regard, students of all medical institutes have the course of "Hygiene and Ecology" among the disciplines mandatory to study, since knowledge of hygiene is an important part in formation of professional thinking and practical activities of doctors of various specialties.

Tasks&Goals of discipline

The course "Hygiene and Ecology" includes studies in theoretical issues of hygiene and ecology as sciences (terms, laws, methods, principles of hygienic rationing, theoretical foundations of preventive measures) and the development of practical skills regarding diseases` prevention of infectious and non-infectious origin.

In the process of studying the course of "Hygiene and Ecology," students receive up-to-date information on:
the impact of environmental factors on the health of different population groups;
the prevention basics for communicable and non-communicable diseases;
the fundamentals of keeping a healthy lifestyle;
the principles of rational nutrition (its quantitative and qualitative impact, compliance with the nutritional regime, correspondence of products quality to save and promotion of health, preventive, therapeutic, dietary and therapeutic-preventive nutrition and their basic principles);
measures to prevent the occurrence and spreading of infectious diseases with an alimentary, bio- and geogelminthosis, food poisoning mechanism of transmission.

Course contents

  Class 1
  Topic 1 Introductory lesson. Methods of hygienic research. Sanitary legislation.
  Theoretical material
  Test
  Key Questions
  Topic 2 Methods of determination the intensity of ultraviolet radiation. Diseases prevention and air decontamination by using ultraviolet radiation.
  Theoretical material
  Key Questions
  Test
  Class 2
  Topic 3 Method of determining and evaluation of natural and artificial lighting.
  Theoretical material
  Key Questions
  Test
  Practical part
  Topic 4 Method of determining and hygienic evaluation of temperature and humidity regime of premises. Methods of determining of the air direction and air velocity and hygienic evaluation. Methods of hygienic evaluation of the combined effects of microclimate on human heat exchange.
  Theoretical material
  Key Questions
  Test
  Practical part
  Class 3
  Topic 5 Methods of hygienic assessment of climate and weather conditions and their impact on an human health.
  Theoretical material
  Key Questions
  Practical part
  Test
  Topic 6 Method for determining the concentration of carbon dioxide and air oxidability as indicators of anthropogenic pollution of the air and of quality ventilation of premises.
  Theoretical material
  Key Questions:
  Test
  Practical part
  Class 4
  Topic 7 Methods of sanitary inspection of water sources. Water sampling for bacteriological and sanitary-chemical studies. Methods of assessment of quality of drinking water by the results of laboratory analysis.
  Theoretical material
  Key Questions
  Test
  Practical part
  Topic 8 Methods and means of purification and disinfection of water at centralized and decentralized water supplies.
  Theoretical material
  Key Questions
  Test
  Class 5
  Topic 9 Methods of sanitary-and - hygienic assessment of soil according to the results of laboratory analyses. Hygiene of populated cities and dwellings.
  Theoretical material
  Key Questions
  Practical part
  Test
  Topic 10 Methods of study and assessment of nutritional status of human. Methods of calculating the energy loss of human and need for nutrients.
  Theoretical material
  Key Questions
  Practical part
  Test
  Class 6
  Topic 11 Hygienic evaluation of the main nutrients of food - protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. Food supplements and their role in nutrition.
  Theoretical material
  Key Questions:
  Test
  Practical part
  Topic 12 Therapeutic and dietary properties of food. Therapeutic (dietary) and therapeutic-preventive nutrition. Analysis of the basic diets. Basics of nutrition specific population groups (children, pregnant women, athletes, individual intellectual labor, etc.)
  Test
  Theoretical matherial
  Class 7
  Topic 13 Methods of sanitary-and-hygienic inspection of foodstuff.
  Theoretical part
  Нова сторінка
  Test
  Practical part
  Topic 14 Food Poisonings: reasons, symptomatology, prevention. Method of investigation of food poisonings.
  Theoretical material
  Key Questions
  Practical part
  Test
  Final module control
  Module test